There are times when the things we had the least regard for actually become a sort of a lifeline; the difference between suffering and comfort, sickness and well-being and perhaps life and death. For sure, nobody wishes to ever find themselves in such a situation but everyone must know how to make the best of the circumstances so as to just simply survive.
So here are a few survival hacks we can learn to make from plastic bottle waste when SHTF:
- Fish Trap:
This works best with a two liter bottle because of the size. First, cut the top off to create a funnel. Then you cut the threaded neck off to create a bigger opening in the funnel, or leave it in its original state depending on what size fish you want, or expect to trap.
Then push the cut top into the bottom portion. You can punch holes through both pieces and secure together with fishing line or any cordage. Punch holes in the sides of the bottle and the bottom to allow for water flow.
The fish swim in the enlarged end and are funneled into the bottom portion. You can cut a flap in the bottom of the trap to release any fish you do not want. Bait and then secure the trap with line or weigh down by placing stones inside.
Use the same method, but do not cut the opening bigger to trap live bait.
There are several ways of doing this, but for a field expedient method you would need a stump or log and a sharp knife, and of course a plastic bottle. Cut the bottom off just above the seam. Plunge the knife (preferably a fixed bladed one) in the stump/log so it can be utilized without you having to hold it. Start a cut, a thin cut, because remember you are making cordage. Pull the starter end against the knife blade with one hand while turning the bottle with the other the hand. Pulling the cut end will do most of the work, and the other hand essentially holds the bottle to make sure the cut is consistent. (see Creek Stewart demonstrate in the video below)
3. Water Still
Cut the bottom off above the seam, and then fold up an inch or so all the way around the bottom to create a trough. Leave the cap on because this method will not work well without the cap. This method only works when there is sufficient sunlight if you are relying on the evaporative method (water to vapor process). We will discuss salt water distillation next. Once you have the trough made you can place the container over some cloth that is soaked with contaminated water, over a mud puddle, or over any saturated soil or other material.
The sun’s ray will begin to evaporate the moisture, which will rise inside the plastic container. Without a cap the water will evaporate through the opening leaving you much less water volume. The moisture will condense on the plastic sides and then begin to flow into the channel you created. The water is purified because the evaporated process leaves contaminates behind. Once you have collected enough water you can uncap the bottle and drink, as you would form any beverage container.
4. Water Pasteurization
Pasteurization is a process, named after scientist Louis Pasteur. The method simply applies heat to destroy pathogens. Sounds simple enough, but when heat is not available then what do you do. You turn to solar heat.
Remember in a field environment, you will not have any way of knowing whether the process has worked or not, and you probably would not have a way of gauging the temperature either. This is not a foolproof method of making contaminated water safe to drink, and it certainly would not purify any water contaminated with chemicals or toxins. Only use this method when no other means of purification is available. This method is time consuming as well.
The plastic container must be clear, and the water filtered. Turbidity will affect the pasteurization process. If you do not have way of filtering then you must first let the debris settle, and this will take some time.
Once the water has been filtered or allowed to settle place the bottle in direct sunlight. It must remain in direct sunlight for at least six hours. To enhance the process, you can place the container on a reflective surface such as a solar blanket, or on a piece of aluminum foil. This will reflect the sun’s rays into the bottle with more intensity. This process however, does not employ the same methods as a solar cooker (U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d.).
Quite useful methods highlighted above. There are lots of these tips, tricks and hacks we can still learn. Visit prepforshtf or if you know any more of such you would like to share then kindly do so in the box provided below.