Now that we have prepared our bow we can move on to making the arrows. The are a couple of materials and tools you’ll need and should normally find at home but possibly not in a survival setting. In this case, you may have to improvise with what you have or can find around you. There are some important considerations to this effect and Michael once again explains:
While you can cut your own shafts, you don’t want to. It’s too complicated, and even the smallest imprecision can throw off your shot. Which means making your own arrows is really more of a process of assembly than of construction.
1. Shaft diameter is determined by the weight of your bow and other factors. Consult a spine chart, such as the one on 3riversarchery.com, to find the appropriate diameter, then order a set of matched wooden shafts ($35 to $50 for a dozen). Jalon prefers to use Port Orford cedar, but Sitka spruce and Douglas fir work too. You’ll also need nocks (about $10 per dozen; size is based on shaft diameter), a fletching jig ($35 to $90), a taper tool (less than $10; size based on shaft diameter), and archery feathers (about $15 per dozen). Turkey feathers are the industry standard because of their thickness and consistency.
2. Wipe the shafts down with acetone to remove any sap, then lightly sand them.
3. Use the taper tool, which resembles an oversized pencil sharpener, to taper one end of the shaft to fit your nock. (Taper tools make both 5- and 11-degree tapers. Use the 11-degree taper for the nock.) See more here
There’s more on this through the link provided below. Nevertheless, if you just want to make the simplest of bows at absolutely zero cost and in almost no time, go here.